Senin, 24 September 2012

flower jamblang

Kerajaan: Plantae
Divisi: Magnoliophyta
Kelas: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Myrtales
Famili: Myrtaceae
Genus: Syzygium
Spesies: S. cumini
Jamblang, rivet or Duwet guava fruit tree is a kind of tribal-jambuan guava (Myrtaceae). Sepat sour fruit plants is also known by various names such as jambee Kleng (Aceh), guava Kling (Gayo), guava loop (Min.), jambulang, jambulan, jombulan, cesspool (various local names in North Sulawesi), jambulan (Flores), jambula (Ternate), jamblang (btw., Sd.). Also guava juwat, jiwat, jiwat rice (Ind., juwet or Duwet (Jw.), juwet, jujutan (Bl.), dhuwak, dhalas (Md.), duwe (Bima), rappo - rappo (Selayar language) and other so on. [1]
In various foreign languages ​​fruit is known as jambulan, jambulana (Malaysia), duhat (Philippines), crested, jamun, or Java plum (Ingg.), and others. Scientific name is Syzygium cumini.Trees are sturdy and do not shed leaves, sometimes crooked trunked, to 20 m tall and up to 90 cm gemang. Low branching and called round or irregular.
Located opposite leaves, stemmed 1 to 3.5 cm. Leaf blade circular ellipsoid eggs reversed somewhat oblong oval, 5-25 x 2-10 cm, base wedge-shaped or rounded, blunt end or slightly tapering, flat brimmed, menjangat thick with thin edges and slightly translucent. Shiny dark green on top, leaves jamblang rather smell of turpentine when crushed. Young leaves are pink.
Bouquet of flowers in panicles or panicles flat, loose, up to three times branched; generally appear on the branches of a leafless. Small flowers, sit tight, 3-8 florets at each end of the shaft, fragrant. Leaf petals wide bell or funnel shape, height 4-6 mm, yellow to purple. Petals round and off-off, 3 mm, gray-white to pink, easy to fall. Many stamens, 4-7 mm, 6-7 mm pistil.
Fruit buni elliptical to oval, often slightly curved, 1-5 cm, flaring petals crowned with thin skin slick shiny, dark red to purple-black, sometimes white. Often in large gangs. Pulp white, yellow, gray to slightly red-purple, almost odorless, with lots of juice, sour sepat sweet to sour. Seeds oblong, to 3.5 cm.Jamblang commonly eaten fresh fruit. In India and the Philippines, as well as custom in some parts of Indonesia, the ripe fruit jamblang mixed with a little salt and sometimes sugar is added, and then shaken in a closed container (usually two bowls were held) so soft and reduced sepatnya. Fruits are rich in vitamins A and C can also be used as juice, jelly or wine. In the Philippines, the wine jamblang cultivated commercially. [2]
The wood can be used for building materials, though nothing special and somewhat fragile. Wood is pretty strong, waterproof and insect attack; though it's hard to do. Its first often is used as firewood. The bark tanning produces substances (tannins) and used for coloring (Ubar) nets. Small pieces pepagan also sometimes appended to inhibit wine acidity. The leaves are often used as animal feed.
Some parts of the plant are also used as a medicine, both traditional and modern. Bark, leaves, fruits and seeds are often used as a diabetes medicine, diarrhea (diarrhea), and several other diseases. Even the bulbs from the bark (known as Syzygii cortex) and jamblang seeds (called Syzygii cement) as previously recommended dosage pharmacy that is not mandatory. In addition to tannins, which contains the active ingredient include yambolin glucoside (jamboline). [1] [4]
Jamblang trees are also often planted as a shade tree in the yard and estate (for example, to shade the coffee plants), or as windbreaks (wind break). Flowers either as feed honey bees.

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