Senin, 24 September 2012

Flower Waru
Kerajaan: Plantae
Divisi: Magnoliophyta
Kelas: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Malvales
Famili: Malvaceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Spesies: H. tiliaceus

Waru or new (Hibiscus tiliaceus, tribal cotton-Kapasan or Malvaceae), also known as sea hibiscus has long been known as a shade tree curb or edge of the river and the embankment along the coast. Although the canopy is not too dense, the hibiscus is preferred because its roots are not in so it does not damage the roads and buildings in the vicinity. Waru be reproduced with distek.
This plant is native of the tropics in the western Pacific, but is now widespread throughout the Pacific region and is known by various names: hau (Hawaiian language), purau (Tahitian), beach Hibiscus, Tewalpin, Sea Hibiscus, or Coastal Cottonwood in English.
In Indonesia, this plant has many names such as: new (Gayo, Pacific Islands, Md., Mak., Sumba, Hal.); New dowongi (Ternate, Tidore), hibiscus (Sd., Jw., Bal., Bug., Flores ); emotion, halu, faru, Fanu (various languages ​​in the Moluccas), and others.Small trees, 5-15 m tall. In fertile soil to grow more upright and with an editorial that is narrower than on arid land. [1]
Leaves stemmed, round or heart shapes with round egg flat edge, diameter up to 19 cm; spineless leaves menjari, some major veins with glands at the base on the underside of leaves; side of the gray-haired meetings. Leaves elongated egg fulcrum round, 2.5 cm, scars form a ring at the end of branches. [2]
Flower stand alone or in bunches containing 2-5 florets. Leaves additional petals bertaju 8-11, more than half attaches. Petals along the 2.5 cm, bercangap 5. Fan-shaped petals, nails short and wide, from 5 to 7.5 cm, yellow, orange, and finally reddish, with purple spots at the base. Fruit boxes egg shape, short beaked, bear imperfect 5, with 5 valves open. [2] Distance to the development of the compound in the chromatogram is usually expressed in Rf or HRF. Rf rate futures from 0.00 to 1.00 and can be determined only two decimal places, HRF is a number multiplied by a factor of 100 Rf (h) yield futures values ​​0 to 100. Rf value on a hibiscus flower itself at 0.48.

Hibiscus similis Bl. (Mountain hibiscus or hibiscus gombong) has the form of trees, leaves, flowers and fruit similar to Hibiscus tiliaceus, with only slight differences. Among them, the glands that leaves bones more distant from the base; flower stalks are slightly shorter; leaf petals are only attached half way, and rough-haired seeds.

Hibiscus macrophyllus Roxb. (Tisuk or hibiscus lanang) has the form of tall thin trees, especially when young; leaved much wider; leverage with a long leaf

Thespesia populnea Soland. also called sea hibiscus or hibiscus lot; having leaves like hairless skin, flaky brown but the meeting, it was clear the young leaves. Hibiscus flower flowers similar to, but do not share in the stigma stalk endsHigh persistence capabilities as tolerant of salty and dry conditions, as well as the condition of flooded. This plant grows well in hot regions with annual rainfall of 800 to 2,000 mm. Waru commonly encountered in coastal sandy beaches, mangrove forests, and also in the riparian area.
H. tiliaceus grow naturally on the beaches of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Australia north and east. Introduced to southwestern Australia, southern Africa, and Hawaii; in which a wild there.Usefulness
Heartwood is rather mild, fairly dense, structured quite subtle, and not so hard; gray-blue, purple or brown artificial purplish or greenish. Tough and durable to survive in soil, hibiscus wood is commonly used as a building material or a boat, wagon wheel, tool handles, carvings, and wood fuel. From the bark, after being soaked and pounded, can be obtained fibers called lulup hibiscus. These fibers are excellent for rope. The leaves can be used as animal feed, or the young, can also be used as vegetables. Withered leaves are crushed and used to accelerate the maturation of boils. Young leaves are used as a fertilizer crushed hair. Young leaves are boiled with rock sugar used to dissolve the (thin) sputum in a rather severe cough. The bud leaves are used to treat dysentery and mucus in children. The leaves are also used for packaging of fresh fish in the market by traders and merchants around the fish.
Hibiscus flowers can be used as a biological clock. The flowers bloom in the morning with a yellow crown. In the day time the color changed to orange and red evening, before finally fall.
Legend of the inhabitants of the island of Java said kuntilanak like trees that grow sideways hibiscus (hibiscus inclined) as the abode.

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